Diesel Engines 4th Edition By Tim Bartlett

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Diesel Engines 4th Edition By Tim Bartlett

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Contents

Foreword to the First Edition v
Foreword to the Fourth
Edition vi
1 • Why Choose a Diesel? 1
2 • The Basic Engine 2
The basic process 2
Valves 3
The two-stroke cycle 4
Variations on a theme 5
Things to do 6
3 • Fuel System 8
The basic system 8
The single-element injection pump 10
The in-line injection pump 12
The rotary injection pump 12
Injectors 12
High-tech fuel systems 16
Electronic control 16
Unit injectors 17
Common rail injection systems 17
Things to do 17
4 • Air System 21
Air filters 21
Exhaust systems 21
More power 22
Variations on turbocharging 25
Things to do 25
iii
5 • Cooling System 26
The basic system – raw-water cooling 26
The thermostat 27
Raw-water pump 29
Anodes 30
Indirect cooling 30
Circulating pump 31
Skin cooling 31
Oil cooling 34
Things to do 32
6 • Oil System 35
Cleans, cools and protects 35
Pressurised oil systems 35
Oil grades and classes 37
Things to do 38
7 • Electrical System 40
The basic system 40
Making electricity 40
Dynamos 42
Alternators 43
Starter motors 44
Dynastarts 44
Batteries 44
Fuses and circuit breakers 46
Solenoids 46
Things to do 48
Contents
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iv
The Adlard Coles Book of Diesel Engines
8 • Gearboxes 51
Basic principles 51
A simple gearbox 52
Layshaft gearboxes 52
Epicyclic gearboxes 53
Clutches 54
Things to do 55
9 • Propeller and Stern Glands 56
The propeller as a screw 57
The propeller as a pump 57
The propeller as a foil 58
Choosing a propeller 58
Cavitation and ventilation 59
Stern glands 60
Stuffing boxes 60
Other shaft seals 60
Outdrives and saildrives 63
Things to do 62
10 • Control Systems 66
Cable systems 66
Control heads 66
Dual Station controls 67
Cables 68
Things to do 69
11 • Tools and Working Practices 70
Pipe fittings 71
Seals and gaskets 73
Tools 74
Tricks of the trade 75
12 • Fault-finding 77
Starting problems 77
Problems shown up by the gauges 79
Smoke 80
Unusual noises or behaviour 81
Compression 84
13 • Winterizing 85
Autumn: before lifting out 85
Autumn: after lifting out 86
Spring: before launching 87
Spring: after launching 87
Appendix 1 • The RYA Diesel
Engine Course Syllabus 88
Index 89