Medical MCQs

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For direct inguinal hernia the points are characteristic, except:

  • A. Incarceration is rarer than in case of oblique hernia
  • B. Always acquired
  • C. More common in elderly people
  • D. It goes through lacuna vasorum
  • Correct Answer: Option D

Which are the most dangerous complications of external hernias?

  • A. Incarceration
  • B. Coprostasis in hernia sac
  • C. Inflamation of hernia cover
  • D. Irreponible hernia
  • Correct Answer: Option A

A 55-year-old man was hospitalized with massive vomiting with blood. During examination you find ascitis, “liver stars”, on thorax wall. In gastroscopy you can see quick collecting of blood in distal part of oesophagus. Which can be the cause of bleeding?

  • A. Obstruction of pylorus
  • B. Rupture of varicose veins in oesophagus
  • C. Gastric ulcer
  • D. Cancer of oesophagus
  • Correct Answer: Option B

During the operation of incarcerated hernia, at first you must open sac of hernia and then dissect angle of incarceration, because you must avoid “loosing” of incarcerated intestine cord after dissection of angle:

  • A. Correct
  • B. Not correct
  • Correct Answer: Option A

X-ray symptoms of high ileus are:

1) "Cloiber cups" in first part of intestines
2) Bloated colon
3) Liquid under diaphragm
4) Bloated intestines in ileocaecal region
5) Lack of gas in stomach
The correct answer is:
  • A. 1.,3.,4.,5.
  • B. 1.,5.
  • C. 2.,3.,5
  • D. 1.,2.,4.
  • Correct Answer: Option B

With terms “local” and “diffuse” or “total” peritonitis one can describe:

  • A. Cause of peritonitis
  • B. Length of illness
  • C. Virulence of infection
  • D. Process localization in one or more anatomical regions
  • Correct Answer: Option D

Following statements must be included in treatment of mechanical bowel obstruction:

1) Gastric intubation before operation
2) Radical treatment of the cause of obstruction
3) Water - electrolyte balance correction
4) Decompression of gastrointestinal tract
5) Stimulation of the gastrointestinal tract with medication for liquidation of ileus during postoperative period
Choose the right answer:
  • A. 1.,2.
  • B. 1.,3.,4.
  • C. 2.,5
  • D. 1.,2.,3.,4.,5.
  • Correct Answer: Option D

On the basis of conservative treatment of spastic dynamic ileus are:

1) Correction of water-electrolyte balance
2) Stimulation of intestinal tract
3) Spasmolytics
4) Decompresion of intestinal tract through the nasogastral tube
5) Analgetics
The correct answer is:
  • A. 1.,2.,3.,4.
  • B. 1.,2.,3
  • C. 3.,4.,5
  • D. 1.,3.,5.
  • Correct Answer: Option D

During treatment of peritonitis you must envisage:

1) Correction of water-electrolyte balance
2) Antibiotic therapy
3) Sanatio of abdominal cavity
4) Steroide hormones
5) Eliminate the cause of peritonitis during operation
The correct answer is:
  • A. 1.,4.,5.
  • B. 1.,2.,3.,4.
  • C. 1.,2
  • D. 1.,2.,3.,5.
  • Correct Answer: Option D

The basic symptom of peritonitis is:

  • A. Symptom Voskresensk
  • B. Pains during rectal and vaginal examination
  • C. Blumberg symptom
  • D. Decreasing of peristalsis
  • Correct Answer: Option C