Medical MCQs

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If you were developing a new test to screen applicants for the New Zealand Police, it would be most important that the test showed a high level of:

  • A. faith validity.
  • B. face validity
  • C. construct validity
  • D. test-retest validity
  • Correct Answer: Option C

An organizational psychologist has asked you for advice on which test(s) to use for screening fire fighter applicants. In particular, they want a test that can identify individuals who show abnormal functioning. Which test would you recommend for them?

  • A. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI).
  • B. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF).
  • C. The OCEAN Five Factor Model Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism).
  • D. NEO Personality Inventory 3 (NEO-PI-3).
  • Correct Answer: Option B

Which type of work would be most likely to be done by someone who explicitly labels themselves as an exercise psychologist?

  • A. Developing a training plan to help a non-athlete take up recreational jogging using a walk/run plan.
  • B. Clinical interventions with elite gymnasts who show symptoms of eating disorders.
  • C. Working with parents of junior athletes and teaching them how to identify early warning signs of possible psychological issues.
  • D. Teamwork building with the local rugby team that has entered the new Under 85kg National Club Cup.
  • Correct Answer: Option A

According to recent meta-analyses (as reported in Terry, 2011), which of the following sports psychology phenomena has the largest effect?

  • A. The effect of exercise on body image.
  • B. The effect of exercise on depression.
  • C. The effect of mood on performance.
  • D. The effect of anxiety on performance.
  • Correct Answer: Option B

Which of the following best summarises Triplett’s dynamogenic theory explaining the superior performance of cyclists in the presence of others?

  • A. Other cyclists help with energy conservation.
  • B. Competitive instinct releases energy.
  • C. The presence of others reduces anxiety.
  • D. Repetitive tasks allow for controlled bursts of high performance.
  • Correct Answer: Option B

A common disadvantage of electronic health records is:

  • A. Patients only have a single health record, which means they cannot misrepresent their medical history when attending a new health practice.
  • B. Patients are required to opt-in to the system voluntarily, and effectiveness of the system will be reduced if uptake is low.
  • C. Health professionals often face increased administrative burden, including being expected to type notes during consultations with patients.
  • D. They generate large quantitative datasets for public health researchers, which are hard to analyse statistically.
  • Correct Answer: Option C

A 2019 report showed that a common treatment injury in the Southern DHB region was ‘pressure injuries’, which involve a localized injury to the skin and/or underlying tissue (usually over a bony prominence) as a result of pressure, or pressure in combination with shear and/or friction. This type of injury would be most likely to involve:

  • A. Lapses
  • B. Skill-based mistakes
  • C. Knowledge-based mistakes
  • D. Violations
  • Correct Answer: Option B

Which type of following scenarios be most likely to involve an error of omission?

  • A. A patient experiences a pressure injury during a surgical procedure.
  • B. A patient experiences an adverse reaction to prescribed medication, because the wrong dose was administered.
  • C. A patient is sent home from their GP s office as having a cold, and then 36 hours later is hospitalised with meningitis.
  • D. A patient is incorrectly diagnosed with cancer, based on a false positive test.
  • Correct Answer: Option C

The quote ‘errors are not so much causes as consequences’ implies that:

  • A. errors are often not accidental but are actually caused by violations.
  • B. errors are the last and often least manageable link in a chain of events.
  • C. human error is inevitable.
  • D. accidents are not truly caused by errors, but by unsafe acts.
  • Correct Answer: Option B

Using Reason’s (2005) taxonomy of human failures, a treatment injury that occurred because of inadequate pre-operative assessment would be most appropriately classified as a:

  • A. rule-based error
  • B. knowledge-based error.
  • C. skill-based error.
  • D. system-based error.
  • Correct Answer: Option A