Building Construction Handbook Fifth Edition By R Chudley and R Greeno

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Building Construction Handbook Fifth Edition By R Chudley and R Greeno


Preface ix
Part One General
Built environment 3
The structure 6
Primary and secondary elements 13
Component parts and functions 16
Construction activities 19
Construction documents 20
Construction drawings 21
Building surveys 28
Method statement and programming 32
Weights and densities of building materials 34
Drawings – notations 36
Planning application 40
Modular coordination 45
Construction regulations 47
CDM regulations 48
Safety signs and symbols 49
Building Regulations 51
British Standards 57
European Standards 58
CPI System of Coding 60
CI/SfB system of coding 61
Part Two Site Works
Site investigations 65
Soil investigation 67
Soil assessment and testing 74
Site layout considerations 82
Site security 85
Site lighting and electrical supply 88
Site office accommodation 92
Materials storage 94
Materials testing 100
Protection orders for trees and structures 107
Locating public utility services 108
Setting out 109
Levels and angles 113
Road construction 116
Tubular scaffolding and scaffolding systems 124
Shoring systems 136
Part Three Builders Plant
General considerations 147
Bulldozers 150
Scrapers 151
Graders 152
Tractor shovels 153
Excavators 154
Transport vehicles 159
Hoists 162
Rubble chutes and skips 164
Cranes 165
Concreting plant 177
Part Four Substructure
Foundations–function, materials and sizing 187
Foundation beds 196
Short bored pile foundations 202
Foundation types and selection 204
Piled foundations 207
Retaining walls 227
Basement construction 242
Waterproofing basements 249
Excavations 255
Concrete production 261
Cofferdams 267
Caissons 269
Underpinning 271
Ground water control 280
Soil stabilisation and improvement 290
Reclamation of waste land 295
Contaminated sub-soil treatment 296
Part Five Superstructure
Choice of materials 301
Brick and block walls 302
Damp-proof courses and membranes 320
Gas resistant membranes 327
Calculated brickwork 329
Arches and openings 332
Windows, glass and glazing 339
Domestic and industrial doors 361
Crosswall construction 370
Timber frame construction 372
Reinforced concrete framed structures 374
Formwork 387
Precast concrete frames 392
Structural steelwork 403
Portal frames 415
Composite timber beams 419
Multi-storey structures 424
Roofs – basic forms 426
Pitched and flat roofs 430
Dry and wet rot 463
Long span roofs 471
Shell roof construction 477
Rooflights 486
Rainscreen cladding 490
Panel walls and curtain walling 491
Concrete claddings 502
Thermal insulation 507
Thermal bridging 527
Sound insulation 530
Access for the disabled 535
Part Six Internal Construction and Finishes
Internal elements 541
Internal walls 542
Construction joints 547
Partitions 548
Plasters and plastering 553
Dry lining techniques 555
Wall tiling 559
Domestic floors and finishes 561
Large cast insitu ground floors 567
Concrete floor screeds 569
Timber suspended floors 571
Lateral restraint 574
Timber beam design 577
Reinforced concrete suspended floors 579
Precast concrete floors 583
Raised access floors 587
Timber, concrete and metal stairs 588
Internal doors 611
Fire resisting doors 615
Plasterboard ceilings 619
Suspended ceilings 620
Paints and painting 624
Joinery production 628
Composite boarding 633
Plastics in building 635
Part Seven Domestic Services
Drainage effluents 639
Subsoil drainage 640
Surface water removal 642
Road drainage 645
Rainwater installations 647
Drainage systems 649
Drainage pipe sizes and gradients 659
Water supply 660
Cold water installations 662
Hot water installations 664
Flow controls 667
Cisterns and cylinders 668
Pipework joints 670
Sanitary fittings 671
Single and ventilated stack systems 674
Domestic hot water heating systems 677
Electrical supply and installation 681
Gas supply and gas fires 690
Services–fire stops and seals 694
Open fireplaces and flues 695
Telephone installations 704
Electronic communications installations 705
Index 707


This book presents the basic concepts of techniques of building construction,
mainly by means of drawings illustrating typical construction details, processes
and concepts. I have chosen this method because it reflects the primary means of
communication on site between building designer and building contractor – the
construction drawing or detail. It must be stressed that the drawings used here
represent typical details, chosen to illustrate particular points of building
construction or technology; they do not constitute the alpha and omega of any
buildings design, detail or process. The principles they illustrate must therefore, in
reality, be applied to the data of the particular problem or situation encountered.
This new edition has been revised by Roger Greeno, in line with current building
Readers who want to pursue to greater depth any of the topics treated here will
find many useful sources of information in specialist textbooks, research reports,
manufacturer’s literature, codes of practice and similar publications. One such
subject is building services, which are dealt with here only in so far as they are
applicable to domestic dwellings. A comparable but much wider treatment of
services is given in Building Services Handbook by F. Hall and R. Greeno, also
published by Butterworth-Heinemann.
In conclusion, I hope that this book will not only itself prove useful and helpful
to the reader, but will act as a stimulus to the observation of actual buildings and
the study of works in progress. In this way the understanding gained here will be
continually broadened and deepened by experience.


This latest edition continues to represent progressive changes in building practice
and procedures. Examples from previous editions are retained, with due regard for
existing building stock, traditional construction techniques and the subsequent
maintenance and repair of these older structures.
New sections include condition surveys and remedial treatment to defective
buildings. Current legislative influences receive detailed attention, with specific
references to building regulations and health and welfare mandates. The influence
of environmental directives for energy conservation and the reduction of
atmospheric pollutants from modern buildings is also represented in practice
details and design.
In keeping with earlier editions, the prominence of comprehensive illustrations
and supplementary text is complemented with information sources and further